Portrait of Émile Zola, 1868, by Édouard Manet
Jean-François Millet’s The Gleaners, 1857. Note how the figures are dehumanized by their faces being obscured and how they are separated from the prosperity in the distance.
Hunting Birds at Night, 1874, by Jean-François Millet.
Short on money, Millet sold this painting at a sharp discount. A century and a half later, it is one of the most recognized and beloved paintings of all time.